Sunday, April 24, 2016

Abstracts from Vivekachudamani - II

As thoughts multiply, the ego also increases and vice-versa. If you contemplate upon worldly things, the ego will increase. If you contemplate upon Self or God, the ego will subside. The sun gives light equally to the good as well as the bad. However everyone make use of that light as per their nature. Suppose you water an orange tree, a banyan tree and an apple tree. Inspite of watering them, all the three trees will not yield the same fruit. The orange tree will yield oranges only and the apple tree will yield apples only and not any other fruits. Though the water is the same, the fruit is yielded based on the seed. Similarly,after arriving into this world, you act according to your nature. Though God bestows the same amount of opportunities upon everyone, the same amount of light upon everyone, what are they doing? Everyone is acting according to their habits and tendencies. Do you understand this? What does it mean? The Sun God is bestowing the same amount of light upon every one. Some people are utilizing the light for good purposes and some other for bad purposes. The Sun God is not asking the good people to do good and the bad people to do bad. They are acting according to their tendencies. There is no mistake of Sun God here. The same is the case even with God. God resembles a big rain. Several seedlings keep sprouting out according to their nature. Suppose there is a tube light. Some people utilize it for the sake of playing cards and some other people for reading the Gita. However the tube light does not dictate them either to play cards or to read the Gita. Therefore they are playing cards or reading the Gita according to their tendencies. They are in no way related to the tube light.

Similarly God is in no way concerned with your merit or demerit. Therefore if you work for attaining the Grace of God, God will bestow you with that thinking faculty which will facilitate in attaining Him. Remember this forever. Whether you speak any word with your mouth or do any work with your hands or think any thought with your mind, your goal should be to please God. As and when God is pleased, He will bestow you with good thinking faculty. Therefore you should work in order to please God. You may think that you are capable enough to do something. But everything happens according to the will of God. What one needs to understand is this. It is enough if you strive for your entire life and digest this single sentence.

This is the first teaching of Bhagavan Sri Ramana: "The entire Jivas act according to the dictate of God. Whatever is to happen will certainly happen. You are not the doer. God makes you act according to your body's destiny. If you understand this, your entire sorrow will subside and you will experience the Bliss." You should grasp this: ‘I am not the doer. God alone is the doer.’ You can do nothing. The ego cannot do anything. It is because the ego is powerless and the entire power belongs to God.

Without contemplating upon Self and God, if you start contemplating upon sensory objects, what will happen? You would like to enjoy them ie after getting the thought, you would like to enjoy the objects pertaining to that thought. If you don’t get the thought, you will not need enjoyment. Therefore only those who constantly contemplate upon sensory objects will get the desire to enjoy them. Without contemplating upon sensory objects, if you contemplate upon Self or God, your mind will get introverted. What does it imply? It implies that you will get rid of bhoga buddhi (the desire to enjoy sensory objects) and attain yoga buddhi (the desire to attain God). As and when, your contemplation upon sensory objects increases, your bhoga buddhi will also increase. In the same lines, as and when your contemplation upon God or Self increases, your yoga buddhi too increases. Then you will become a yogi. What will happen? You will become a Yogi.

Therefore Sri Acharya says: "Enjoy them and from that comes desire. How do you get the desire? Initially you contemplate upon sensory objects.You will feel a particular thing (sensory object) to be good within your mind.Then you start contemplating upon it. After contemplating upon it, you will get the desire to attain it. Without contemplating upon it, you cannot get the desire to attain it." Sit down calmly at your home. You are reminded of something or the other. You will get the desire to attain it. Without remembering it, without getting a thought to attain it, you will not get the desire to attain it. You will get the desire to attain it only after remembering it and contemplating upon it. If you do not contemplate upon it, you will not even get the thought of attaining it. Once you get the bhoga buddhi, once you get the desire to enjoy the sensory objects with your senses, the desire to earn more and more money keeps increasing within you. Whatever you see, you feel like attaining it. But who is the seer? It is the Jiva.

What is being seen? It is the nature. Therefore the Jiva is watching the world through his senses. As long as the Jiva remains intact, you keep on taking rebirth. That which is being seen is as much false as the seer. Then why are you taking birth again and again? It is because the nature does not get destroyed as long as the mind doesn't get annihilated. The mind does not die when the body dies. The mind remains intact. Therefore what does the mind need? It needs a body. The mind emerges from the heart and the body emerges from the mind. A bodiless person is devoid of the world and a mindless person is devoid of the body. Here you need to understand this: It is only the body which dies. The mind does not die upon the death of the body. It remains intact. The mind will again get the body according to its nature. On getting the body, it will regain the world. Do remember this: ‘As long as the tendencies (pertaining to Jiva) exist, one cannot stop getting rebirth.’ Rebirth which becomes inevitable may be good or bad. A good birth represents a good dream and a bad birth represents a bad dream. Both of them represent dreams only. However a dream will not chase you after waking up from the sleep. Similarly births and deaths, all the matters pertaining to nature, all the matters pertaining to waking state, will not chase you after attaining Self Realization. That desire engages you to possess and that engagement takes you away from your real Self. Then what will you do? Today you enjoy a particular pleasure and tomorrow you will feel like enjoying some other pleasure.

An American writer said thus: "How do some people enjoy the pleasures? They eat a mango. They first drink the mango juice. Some pulp is left within the mango's nut. They consume even that pulp. They keep on licking the mango's nut with the thought that there is some juice left over. The juice gets finished. They lick the mango's nut to such an extent that it becomes completely white (totally clean) and attains the stature of a dress that is neatly pressed by an iron box. Only then the mango nut is thrown away. Similarly some people neither contemplate upon God nor upon the Self. They keep enjoying the sensual pleasures. They keep on licking the nature and ultimately die.” Even death is of two types. If one is very careful about their food habits, they will die peacefully otherwise they not only trouble themselves but also trouble their family members before their death. Death is inevitable to both ie who take care of their food habits and those who don’t. But those who are careful about their food habits die without causing any suffering to others as well as without undergoing any suffering. However those who are negligent about their food-habits undergo a lot of suffering. Their body also experiences suffering. They ultimately die only after subjecting their family members to a lot of suffering.

Who am I? Who is that Jiva? The bhakti, jnana, Japa, dhyana (meditation), puja (worship) etc prevail only when the Jiva exists. When the Jiva doesn't exist, for whom is the Japa or dhyana or bhakti? The disease exists only when one possesses a body. How can the disease prevail when there is no body? The spiritual practices are needed only when one possesses the tendencies pertaining to Jiva. Why does one require spiritual practices when there are no tendencies? Only the sick need the medicine. Why do the healthy ones need the medicine? Thyagaraja said: "Oh! Rama, Oh! Sri Rama, when one is completely devoid of bad habits and bad tendencies by birth, why do they need any japa or tapas or mantra or tantra? Why do they need any spiritual practices?"

Some people enjoy being praised.Even it is a kind of bhoga buddhi. In order to get ruined, one need not possess a hundred bad habits. One bad habit is enough to get ruined. A single hole is sufficient for leakage of the entire water within a pot. The pot need not possess a hundred holes. Similarly one bad tendency or one bad habit is enough to get ruined. What Sri Acharya wants to convey is: "As long as you possess this bhoga buddhi to enjoy, as long as you consider enjoyment alone as your very goal, you will be distanced away from your very nature ie Self and from the Truth within.” As long as you possess the bhoga buddhi, you get carried away in the vicious cycle of birth and death. No one can protect you then. Recently a Mahatma revealed a secret: "If one can attain Self Knowledge by merely reading books, everyone would have become a Jnani by now. Until and unless one possesses the Grace of a Mahatma or a Sadguru or an incarnation or a good hearted person, one cannot attain Self knowledge.

What can these books do? The Holy Company, the Grace and the Love of an incarnation or a Jnani or a good hearted person or a person with good tendencies only can bring about Self Knowledge. Is Self Knowledge attainable by merely learning few books by heart? Don’t get carried away by such illusions." Bhagavan Ramana has said the same: "A chunk of meat trapped in the mouth of a tiger can never escape. Similarly you will attain Self Knowledge only when you are subject to the Grace, Love and & Compassion of a Mahatma but not merely through your chatting or discussion or book reading." Self Knowledge resembles a lamp. When a lamp exists, another lamp can be lightened using it. Similarly with the Holy Company of a Jnani you can get enlightened (lighten your lamp) through His Knowledge (using His lamp). Books cannot enlighten (lighten your lamp) you. As long as you possess bhoga buddhi, you will be distanced away from the Truth. Externally you may seem to be fine. You may be well honoured (ie you may be garlanded or taken out in processions). However you keep ruining in the source. Ensure that you will not get ruined in the source. These honours & dishonours are as truer as this body (or corpse) is true. Though the names, forms, attributes and colors of everyone are different, the Truth within everyone's Heart is one and the same. Only those who realize this Truth of oneness will become a Jnani, will get liberated and merge within God. Let me tell you a small secret. Don’t reveal it to anyone: Your family may constitute of several people. You may be viewing their bodies on a daily basis. When you view their body, you realize that you are not their body. Suppose you are seeing your husband's body. You realize that his body is different from that of yours. Is there anyone here who would like to say that their husband's body and their body are one and the same? No. Though he represents your husband, his body is different from that of yours. As you are very clear that your husband's body does not belong to you, if you realize that your body also does not belong to you, you will get liberated in this very birth.

Bhagavan Ramana possessed a body and evenwe possess a body. Bhagavan Ramana ate food and even we are eating food. Then how is Bhagavan Ramana different from us? Bhagavan Ramana had the same feeling towards his body that you get while wearing a shirt. That's the only difference. Whose shirt is it? You call it as 'mine; but never declare yourselves to be the shirt. Similarly a Jnani presumes that the bodybelongs to Him. As you are very clear in the heart of your hearts that the shirt belongs to you and you are not the shirt, even a Jnani is very clear in presuming that the body belongs to him and He is not the body.

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